Caring for a teen with disability – Sabine and Monice

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CONSUMER STORY – “Literally from one day to the next, our lives changed and it was never going to be the same.”

This was the shocking, startling and overwhelming reality for first-time mother Sabine who, almost 17 years ago, stood in a hospital as a doctor gave her and her eight-month-old daughter, Monice, an unknown, unexpected and life-altering diagnosis of West Syndrome.

Since that day, after watching her daughter endure 300 seizures daily, endless EEG’s (Electroencephalograms), lumbar punctures, and four months in a hospital, Sabine has cared for and advocated for her daughter while she managed her disability to the best of her ability.

“We initially went to the hospital thinking she had a virus and we didn’t believe for a second it would be life-altering, but it certainly was,” recalls Sabine.

“There were no answers in the early stages – just lots of tests and medical lingo that we had to learn, but then we were given the diagnosis of West Syndrome.

“After that, all they could tell us about the condition was that outcomes ranged from completely fine, to full institutional care.

“We felt traumatised and shell shocked – she was our first and only child and she was likely to now have some form of disability.

“We didn’t know what the future held for us or her, but we knew life was changing for all of us.”

Life changing diagnosis

Sabine was right in acknowledging the life-long change for her young family.

Following the shock diagnosis, Sabine gave up her job to support her daughter and give her the best care possible.

The family immediately went from two full-time incomes to just one and Sabine experienced the isolation associated with living in the hospital beside her daughter for four long months.

Sabine felt as though she had lost everything: her healthy baby, her identity, her career, some friends and ultimately even her partner.

“The doctors delivered it all very harshly. They told us after four months to take her home even though the seizures were still happening, and said that Monice would never walk, talk or sit and was likely to have very limited function for the rest of her life,” says Sabine.

“Coming home, it felt like the world had changed. It felt like a whole other world by that point.”

West syndrome is an unpredictable disability; five in every 100 infants and children do not survive beyond five years of age.

Despite the fears, their diagnosis and needs of Monice brought out Sabine’s fighting spirit.

“I decided that what the doctor told us was not the way it was going to be,” explains Sabine.

“I went about researching, setting goals, going through hours of physio every day, hours of reading and exercising, trying to make the situation better.”

A strong young woman

Today, at almost 17, Monice lives with Sabine virtually full-time and receives National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) funding and a number of support services.

Monice’s focus is on enjoying life as a young woman, all thanks to the hard work and determination of her mother and the support of her family.

“Now we have different challenges,” says Sabine.

“Now we don’t have a child, we have a young woman and I am pretty much her sole carer. I am making all these choices and decisions for her because she can’t do that herself.

“I’m trying to do it as objectively as I can with her best interests in mind.

We utilise respite care on occasion to give her independence from me and for her to interact with people her own age, so she goes on outings and camps with others her age. She still sees her father when and how he is able to.

“I try to mimic what ‘normal’ young women her age do as much as I can so that she doesn’t miss out on experiences because of her disability, but it is hard to find opportunities when they aren’t there for young people with high needs and their carers.

“Like any teenager, Monice doesn’t want to spend all her time with her mother and I have spent years trying to find suitable carers, funding, programs, access, respite, camps and community programs all while being the carer with a full-time job.

“There are very few suitable programs currently available for young people with Monice’s level of care requirements, which is sad given she is not alone.

“Fun, age-appropriate activities in art, music and relaxation, etc. would be a wonderful inclusion and NDIS funding could be used.”

Sabine adds that as well as a lack of activities and programs for teenagers and young people with disability, there are few opportunities to make friends.

“Everyone needs friends but for a young, non-verbal woman, it’s a very difficult process to find a program or activity where she has the opportunity to let people get to know her and she to warm to others,” says Sabine.

“There are not enough good carers in the system at any level and it breaks my heart that Monice doesn’t have friends the same way her peers do just because the programs and opportunities don’t exist for her to participate and potentially find them outside school.”

Day-to-day struggles

As well as the social concerns, Sabine says there are a number of day-to-day struggles that she faces with her teenage daughter.

“Being a young woman, there are a number of gender-specific women’s health issues to consider,” says Sabine.

“Complications with her personal hygiene needs, as well as incredibly high and low hormones around her period, led us to make the decision to put her onto contraceptive injections every three months.

“This has been incredibly beneficial to her mood and made her personal care much more manageable for us and less unpleasant for Monice.

“Another issue we have is bras – finding one that is comfortable, doesn’t have clasps or ride up that actually suit Monice as an active teen is becoming my newest project!”

But arguably the biggest daily struggle Sabine and Monice face together is ill-equipped disabled facilities in public.

“This is my bug bear,” says Sabine.

“We have a companion card system which is lovely but if you need to change your teenager whilst out and about, I dare you to think how that happens.

“Let me tell you it’s neither glamorous nor dignified.

“Many popular venues have inadequate disabled facilities and the sizing of toilets means myself, Monice and her wheelchair cannot all be in there at one time.

“And then, there is no option but the disgusting floor.

“What’s even better is the lack of respect by people using a facility when they are perfectly able and keeping people with disabilities waiting.”

A lot of work on a carer’s shoulders

Sabine and Monice’s struggle is ongoing despite having been on the NDIS for a year now. Sabine says she had hoped that it would be easier and more fulfilling than their experiences with disability support in the past but says there is still a lot of work placed on the carer’s shoulders, even with help of a plan manager to navigate some of the introductions.

“Monice’s supports and services haven’t grown with her and in the system, if you don’t fight, you are dismissed and ignored,” says Sabine.

“If you fit neatly and tick a specific box, I am sure the journey is different, but that’s not the case for us – it’s not our reality.

“I am a full-time carer and a full-time worker and the workload for a parent in that position is phenomenal.

“There are endless calls, appointments and advocating and then we hope that all the work and effort of getting a plan going and putting the infrastructure in place is correct and will give Monice better outcomes in her move from being a child to being a woman.

“I am still fighting for her now, mainly to have age-appropriate care, interaction and engagement.

“She accesses respite, camps, after-school programs and other supports, but we still need her to gain access to occupational therapy, speech pathology, psychological and behavioural assessment and therapy. These are all hard to access but we are getting there.

“Some days you are just too overwhelmed and want to give up because it is too hard, but of course, it’s only a thought because if I did give up, Monice would have nothing.”

Sabine admits that accessing vital disability supports and services should not be this hard and it needs to change. But no matter what, as a parent and carer she will continue to work as hard as she can and keep pushing.

Having advocated for years to get the best for her daughter, Sabine encourages other carers to take control in meeting the needs of their loved one with a disability.

“It’s up to you to research, the more you research the more you know to ask,” says Sabine.

“Speak to everyone you know and ask what they access and where they access it, go to free seminars and sign up for everything to receive information.

“Even if it is wrong and it shouldn’t be all up to you, you must ask the questions, make them answer and not let them find an easy way out.

“You have to chase and follow through with them, and if you don’t have the confidence or strength to do it alone, make it a two-person job with a family member or friend to make it half the load.”

Still feeling the “pang” of longing when seeing other young women reaching milestones that won’t be part of her or her daughter’s journey, Sabine says it is important for her to focus on her family’s changes and how far they have come.

“I remind myself that even though it’s different, I’m extremely blessed to be a mum,” says Sabine.

“Monice, all in all, has developed well.

“We have had our fair share of ups and downs with medications, food, diet… not to mention the hormones and behaviour!

“We have the same nature and relationship as any parent and child – a lot of interactions, though totally different, are a similar experience, just with challenges.”